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Definition of I+D


Nowadays the Word innovation is systematically associated to the I+D+i but :

  • What is the I +D?
  • Is it necessary to innovate ?

What is the I+D ? - Definition

The abbreviations I +D + I defines the concepts: Investigation and development, so we can deduce that innovation process is associated to an investigation and development process, but as we are going to see, that is not right.

The I + D is divided into 3 parts:

  1. Basic Investigation
  2. Applied investigatio
  3. Technological development

The Basic investigation includes all the studies that their objective is to acquire new scientific knowledge. Analyse their properties, structures and relations with the aim of formulating an hypothesis, theories and laws. In this step are made all the "Discoveries".

The applied investigation is based on the original works that are developed in the before step. But with the aim of acquiring new scientific knowledge orientated to a practical and specific objectives. This results are more liable to be patented in a future commercial exploitation. In this stage Scientifics "Invent " .

The technological includes the use of the acquire knowledge applied to the production of materials, devices procedures or new services. In this step companies have reached the knowledge "Know How "and the prototype or pilot plants are developed.

Finally if the results of this prototype are efficient and viable, the inversion of producing big quantities is made, therefore the market accepts the product or service and it is converted in innovation.

Innovation model

Going back to the example of the time machine we will apply this innovation to the I + D model :

Basic innovation : at first, investigators study the actual laws that are regulated by the quantum physics , analysing and enlargement Einstein's laws. Finally hypothesis are developed and they become laws dilated space-time, their discovers are published in scientific magazines.

Applied investigation : A group of specialists and Scientifics have a meeting to work with the objective of creating a time-machine which allows to travel over the time. Basing on the before studies , they will develop methodologies, plans and processes, Finally they will invent the time machine, which will be patented and will give to their creators much money.

Technical development : the company will develop a prototype of this machine, they will check and practice the results until they are optimal by this moment the first temporal travel is been realised.

Innovation : the company produces massive machines, humanity accepts this product because is trusty and gives a new service. Now, there has been a radical innovation of the product.

It is necessary to investigate to innovate?

It is not necessary an own investigation to be able to innovate. Every company can innovate assimilating technologies of other companies, in this context can be useful to distinguish between the I+D creative , which tries to carry on new processes and projects , and the I+D of assimilation, which tries to include and absorb the results of the foreign investigation. These strategies are carried out by the emergent countries, as Japan did during the 50 and 60 years, in which they inverted in I + D to assimilate the American technology , thing that allows them going through the creative investigation.

The main advantage of the I + D of assimilation, is the reduced inversion that is realised, while the main disadvantage is how slowly this process can be. That supposes the completely loose of the whole company.


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